A Method For Automatically Inventing New TheoriesI) Theories of how Amoeba proteus cells crawl:
2) Pulling at the front of each cell. Bob Allen's theory
Cells maximize their areas of cell-cell contact between cells.
2) Alternative proposed by Wayne Brodland and others:
(And also for explaining negative chemotaxis, etc.)
Retraction is inhibited on the side of cells where some property is a maximum.
Protrusion is inhibited on the side of cells where some property is a minimum.
________? is _______? on the side of cells where some property is a _________?
Maximize <-> Minimize
Shrink <-> Expand
Retract <-> Protrude
Inhibit <-> Stimulate
Compress <-> Stretch
Oxidize <-> Reduce
Precipitate <-> Dissolve
Starting with any theory that can accurately predict some particular phenomenon, substitute any pair of two opposite verbs.
For example, replace the word inhibit for stimulate, and substitute compress for stretch. Any two such replacements of opposite verbs creates a new theory capable of explaining the same original phenomenon.
If a hypothesis contains more than three of such reversible verbs,
then you can make 4, 6, 8 or any even number of substitutions.
You don't need to learn the following material, below; but you might be interested in it.
Euclidian geometry "Point" <-> "Line" creates a new theorem, which will be equally true.
This phenomenon wasn't discovered until the early 1800s; Euclid didn't know about it.
It's called "Duality", and is also true of many other kinds of geometry.
In electrical circuits capacitance <-> inductance produces a new circuit that performs the same function as whatever circuit you started with.
Proof <-> Paradigm
Waves <-> Particles
Macs <-> PCs
Muggle <-> Metaphysician
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